What is a gluteal strain?
A gluteal strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle in your buttocks called the gluteal muscle.
This type of injury is often called a pulled muscle.
What is the cause?
A gluteal strain most often happens when you are running or jumping. It’s a common injury for hurdlers and dancers.
What are the symptoms?
A gluteal strain causes pain in the buttocks. You may have pain when you walk up or down stairs and pain when you sit. You may have pain when you move your leg backward.
How is it diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms, activities, and medical history and examine you.
How is it treated?
You will need to change or stop doing the activities that cause pain until your muscle or tendon has healed. For example, you may need to swim instead of run.
Your healthcare provider may recommend stretching and strengthening exercises to help you heal.
A mild strain may heal within a few weeks. A more severe strain may take 6 weeks or longer to heal.
How can I take care of myself?
To help relieve swelling and pain:
- Put an ice pack, gel pack, or package of frozen vegetables wrapped in a cloth on the sore area every 3 to 4 hours for up to 20 minutes at a time.
- Do ice massage. To do this, freeze water in a Styrofoam cup, then peel the top of the cup away to expose the ice. Hold the bottom of the cup and rub the ice over the painful area for 5 to 10 minutes. Do this several times a day while you have pain.
- Take nonprescription pain medicine, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Read the label and take as directed. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, may cause stomach bleeding and other problems. These risks increase with age. Unless recommended by your healthcare provider, do not take an NSAID for more than 10 days.
After you recover from your injury, moist heat may help relax your muscles and make it easier to use them. Put moist heat on the sore area for 10 to 15 minutes before you do warm-up and stretching exercises. Moist heat includes heat patches or moist heating pads that you can buy at most drugstores, a wet washcloth or towel that has been heated in a microwave or the dryer, or a hot shower. Don’t use heat if you have swelling.
Follow your healthcare provider's instructions, including any exercises recommended by your provider. Ask your provider:
- How long it will take to recover
- What activities you should avoid and when you can return to your normal activities
- How to take care of yourself at home
- What symptoms or problems you should watch for and what to do if you have them
Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup.
How can I help prevent a gluteal strain?
Warm-up exercises and stretching before activities can help prevent injuries.
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Published by RelayHealth.
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