Medicines for Fever or Pain Relief

Acetaminophen

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is available without a prescription. Determine the correct dosage by finding your child's weight on the left margin of the table. You may repeat the dosage every 4 to 6 hours as needed. Do not give acetaminophen more than 5 times a day. Do not use acetaminophen in children under 3 months of age. If your infant has a fever during the first 12 weeks of life, see your child's healthcare provider immediately.




Weight           (Dosage Form)             Dose

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6-11 pounds       infant drops             0.4 ml or 40 mg

                  children's liquid        1.25 ml

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12-17 pounds      infant drops             0.8 ml or 80 mg

                  children's liquid        2.5 ml

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18-23 pounds      infant drops             1.2 ml or 120 mg

                  children's liquid        3.75 ml

                  chewable 80 mg tablets   1+1/2 tablets or 120 mg

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24-35 pounds      infant drops             1.6 ml or 160 mg

                  children's liquid        5 ml

                  chewable tablets         2 tablets or 160 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets     1 tablet or 160 mg

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36-55 pounds      infant drops             2.4 ml or 240 mg

                  children's liquid        7.5 ml

                  chewable tablets         3 tablets or 240 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets     1+1/2 tablet or 240 mg

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56-83 pounds      chewable tablets         4 tablets or 320  mg

                  Jr. strength tablets     2 tablets or 320 mg

                  adult tablets            1 tablet or 325 mg

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84-111 pounds     chewable tablets         6 tablets or 480 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets     3 tablets or 480 mg

                  adult 325 mg tablets     1+1/2 tablets or 480 mg

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112+ pounds       chewable tablets         8 tablets or 640 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets     4 tablets or 640 mg

                  adult tablets            2 tablets or 650 mg

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Abbreviations: mg = milligrams    ml = milliliter   


CAUTION: In May, 2011, a move to one standard concentration (160 mg/5 ml) of liquid acetaminophen medicine for infants and children was announced. Up until this point, there have been mainly 2 concentrations: 80 mg/0.8 ml (Infant Concentrated Drops) and 160 mg/5 ml (Children's Liquid Oral Suspension or Syrup). During this transition period, both old and new concentrations of infant acetaminophen may be available on store shelves and in your home. Before selecting a dose, please double check the infant package carefully to find the correct concentration. Then, select the dosage according to the concentration and child's weight.

  • Infants’ Acetaminophen Concentrated Drops are 3 times more concentrated than the children’s liquid oral suspension.
  • Always read and follow the label.
  • Use only the dosing device that comes with the product.

MEASURING the DOSAGE: Syringes and droppers are more accurate than teaspoons. If possible, use the syringe or dropper that comes with the medicine. If not, medicine syringes are available at pharmacies. If you use a teaspoon, it should be a measuring spoon. Regular spoons are not reliable. Remember that 1 level teaspoon equals 5 ml and that 1/2 teaspoon equals 2.5 ml.

Suppositories: Acetaminophen is also available as a rectal suppository in 120-mg, 325-mg, and 650-mg dosages. Suppositories are useful if a child with a fever is vomiting often or having seizures caused by the fever. Use the same dose as listed above for the suppository. Most suppositories can be cut (for example, cut in half) to supply the right dose for your child's weight.

Ibuprofen

Determine the correct dosage by finding your child's weight on the left margin of the table. You may repeat the dosage every 6 to 8 hours as needed. Note that some medicines come with a 1.25 ml dropper and others come with a 1.875 ml syringe. Don't let the dropper/syringe difference confuse you. The milligram amount you should give is the same. Do not give ibuprofen to children under 6 months of age.


Weight           (Dosage Form)             Dose

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12-17 pounds      drops                     1.25 ml or 50 mg

                  children's liquid         1/2 tsp or 2.5 ml

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18-23 pounds      drops                     1.875 ml or 75 mg

                  children's liquid         3/4 tsp or 3.75 ml

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24-35 pounds      drops                     2.5 ml or 100 mg

                  children's liquid         1 tsp or 5 ml

                  chewable tablets          2 tablets or 100 mg

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36-47 pounds      drops                     3.75 ml or 150 mg

                  children's liquid         1+1/2 tsp or 7.5 ml

                  chewable tablets          3 tablets or 150 mg

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48-59 pounds      children's liquid         2 tsp or 10 ml

                  chewable tablets          4 tablets or 200 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets      2 tablets or 200 mg

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60-71 pounds      children's liquid         2+1/2 tsp or 12.5 ml

                  chewable tablets          5 tablets or 250 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets      2+1/2 tablets or 250 mg

                  adult tablets             1 tablet or 200 mg

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72-95 pounds      children's liquid         3 tsp or 15 ml

                  chewable tablets          6 tablets or 300 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets      3 tablets or 300 mg

                  adult tablets             1+1/2 tablets or 300 mg

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96+ pounds        children's liquid         4 tsp or 20 ml

                  chewable tablets          8 tablets or 400 mg

                  Jr. strength tablets      4 tablets or 400 mg

                  adult tablets             2 tablets or 400 mg

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Abbreviations: mg = milligrams    ml = milliliter    tsp = teaspoon


Alternating Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen

Alternating acetaminophen and ibuprofen is generally not recommended. It can be confusing and lead to dosage errors and poisoning. In addition, fevers can almost always be brought down to a comfortable level with just one medicine. If instructed by your healthcare provider to alternate ibuprofen and acetaminophen, however, do it as follows:

  • Alternate doses of ibuprofen and acetaminophen every 4 hours (not every 3 hours).
  • Alternate medicines for only 24 hours or less, then return to giving a single product.

Avoid Aspirin

Children (through age 21 years) should not take aspirin, especially if they have chickenpox or influenza (any cold, cough, or sore throat symptoms). This recommendation is based on several studies that have linked aspirin to Reye's syndrome, a severe encephalitis-like illness. Most pediatricians have stopped using aspirin for all fevers associated with any illness.

Written by Barton D. Schmitt, MD, author of “My Child Is Sick,” American Academy of Pediatrics Books.
Published by RelayHealth.
Copyright ©2014 McKesson Corporation and/or one of its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.

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